Revealed: child labour’s dirty dozenDecember 2010
Bangladesh, India, Nigeria and Pakistan have been assessed as being among the 12 most problematic countries on the issue of child labour.
The Child Labour Index and map, produced by the global risks consultancy Maplecroft, rates the four countries as ‘extreme risk’ along with Chad, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Liberia, Myanmar, Somalia, Sudan and Zimbabwe.
All 12 scored zero out of ten, at the bottom of the ranking, while China, scoring 0.02, was ranked 13th.
The index evaluates 196 countries on the prevalence and gravity of child labour under the age of 15 – as well as the impunity with which it is carried out. Maplecroft has developed the index to help companies find and evaluate child labour risks within their supply chains.
The consultancy said businesses should be aware particularly of the situation in China, given that it is now such an important source of goods and labour for many companies. Official child labour statistics are lacking in China – because the government classifies them as state secrets – but it is thought there are between 10 and 20 million under-age workers.
Maplecroft says companies working with suppliers in the textile, electronics and manufacturing sectors are especially vulnerable to the risk of complicity with labour rights violations in China.
Other emerging economies categorized as of primary concern to business are: Indonesia (ranked 18), Egypt (29), the Philippines (34), Iran (36), Vietnam (38), Brazil (45) and Mexico (62).
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